München 2004 – wissenschaftliches Programm
AKI 1.1: Hauptvortrag
Dienstag, 23. März 2004, 11:00–11:45, HS 109
Open Access: Scientific Quality Assurance by Interactive Peer Review and Public Discussion — •Ulrich Pöschl — Technical University of Munich, Institute of Hydrochemistry, Marchioninistr. 17, D-81377 Munich, Germany
A large fraction of scientific publications are careless, useless, or false. The traditional ways of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to the needs for efficient dissemination and quality assurance of new concepts and results in today’s rapidly developing and highly diverse world of science.
The spectacular recent cases of scientific fraud (e.g. Schön et al., Nature, 422, 92-93, 2003; 419, 419-421, 2002; Science, 299, 31, 2003; 298, 961, 2002) are only the tip of the iceberg. Even in reputable peer-reviewed journals with high impact factors many contributions exhibit a lack of scientific rigor and thorough discussion.
The most promising way to improve scientific quality assurance is an open access two-stage (or multi-stage) publication process with interactive peer review and public discussion. This approach has been followed successfully in the design and operation of the interactive scientific journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), which is edited by a globally distributed network of scientists and published by the European Geosciences Union (EGU): www.atmos-chem-phys.org.