Hannover 2010 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 58: Quantum Gases: Lattices II

Q 58.1: Vortrag

Freitag, 12. März 2010, 10:30–10:45, E 001

Dynamics of Atoms in a Hamiltonian Quantum Ratchet — •Tobias Salger, Carsten Geckeler, Sebastian Kling, Tim Hecking, and Martin Weitz — Institut für Angewandte Physik der Universität Bonn, Wegelerstr. 8, 53115 Bonn, Germany

Ratchets are devices, that are able to generate a directed motion of particles in a fluctuating environment without gradients or net forces. In order to observe the ratchet effect, one has to break the spatiotemporal symmetry of the system [1]. Here we report on the first realization of a pure "Hamiltonian Quantum Ratchet" in the absence of dissipation [2]. A 87Rb Bose-Einstein condensate is loaded into a sawtooth-like lattice potential, which is realized by superimposing an optical standing wave with λ/2 spatial periodicity with a four-photon lattice with λ/4 spatial periodicity [3]. Besides the spatial, also the temporal symmetry is broken by asymmetrically modulating the amplitude of the ratchet potential. We observe a directed motion of atoms arising from Hamiltonian ratchet transport at the quantum limit.
In more recent experiments we have investigated the dynamics of atoms in a Hamiltonian Quantum Ratchet under the influence of weak gradients. Absolute negative mobility, which describes the possibility to transport a particle against an external field, could be observed in the experiment.
S. Denisov et al., Phys. Rev. A 75, 063424 (2007)
T. Salger et al., Science 326, 1241 (2009)
T. Salger et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 190405 (2007)

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