Stuttgart 2012 – wissenschaftliches Programm
Q 65.4: Vortrag
Freitag, 16. März 2012, 15:15–15:30, V47.01
High Dynamic Range Magnetometry with a Single Nuclear Spin in Diamond — •Gerald Waldherr1, Johannes Beck1, Philipp Neumann1, Ressa S. Said2, Matthias Nitsche1, Jason Twamley3, Fedor Jelezko4, and Jörg Wrachtrup1 — 13. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart — 2Institut für Quanten-Informationsverarbeitung, Universität Ulm, 89081 Ulm — 3Centre for Engineered Quantum Systems, Faculty of Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia — 4Institut für Quantenoptik, Universität Ulm, 89073 Ulm
Sensors based on the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect in diamond are being developed to measure weak magnetic and electric fields at nanoscale. However, such sensors rely on measurements of a shift in the Lamor frequency of the defect, so an accumulation of quantum phase causes the measurement signal to exhibit a periodic modulation. This means that the measurement time is either restricted to half of one oscillation period, which limits accuracy, or that the magnetic field range must be known in advance. Moreover, the precision increases only slowly, as T−0.5, with the measurement time T. We implement a quantum phase estimation algorithm on a single nuclear spin in diamond to combine both high sensitivity and high dynamic range. By achieving a scaling of the precision with time to T−0.85, we improve the sensitivity by a factor of 7.4, for an accessible field range of 16 mT, or alternatively, we improve the dynamic range by a factor of 130 for a sensitivity of 2.5 µT/Hz0.5. These methods are applicable to a variety of field detection schemes, and do not require entanglement.