Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 11: Frontiers of electronic structure theory - Non-equilibrium phenomena at the nano-scale I (organized by O)

HL 11.5: Topical Talk

Montag, 31. März 2014, 12:00–12:30, TRE Ma

Insight into Charge Transport in Molecular Junctions from Ab Initio Theories of Level Alignment — •Jeffrey B. Neaton — Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA — Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA — Kavli Energy Nanosciences Institute, Berkeley, CA

Recent scanning tunneling microscope-based break-junction experiments of molecular junctions -- devices formed by trapping organic molecules between macroscopic metallic electrodes -- have reported robust conductance, thermopower, switching behavior, quantum interference effects, spin-filtering phenomena, and even nonlinear effects such as rectification, establishing such junctions as unique and revealing windows into the physics of charge transport at the molecular scale. In this talk, I will summarize a predictive approach to compute and understand the transport properties of molecular junctions with good accuracy. Our approach includes important exchange and correlation effects missing in standard DFT Kohn-Sham junction level alignment, building on self-energy corrections within a GW approximation. Advantages and limitations of our approach will be discussed quantitatively in the context of a direct comparison with recent photoemission and transport measurements. I will also describe applications of this approach to select junctions exhibiting novel trends in conductance, thermopower, and nonlinear IV characteristics, where new physical insight is obtained by relating computed transport phenomena to junction structure and chemistry.

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