Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

Bereiche | Tage | Auswahl | Suche | Aktualisierungen | Downloads | Hilfe

HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 12: Energy materials: Water splitting, batteries, and supercapacitors (with CPP/MM)

HL 12.4: Vortrag

Montag, 31. März 2014, 11:30–11:45, POT 081

Three-dimensional Metal Oxides Based Nano-arrays Anodes for Sodium Ion Batteries — •Yang Xu, Min Zhou, Huaping Zhao, Chengliang Wang, and Yong Lei — Institute of Physics, Ilmenau University of Technology, 98693 Ilmenau, Germany,

The discovery of new materials/microstructures for electrodes in sodium ion batteries (NIBs) is receiving high levels of scientific attention, as sodium is substantially less expensive and more abundant than lithium. However, there is a limited choice of electrode materials that are suitable hosts to accommodate Na ions and allow for reversible insertion/extraction reactions, since Na ions are 55% larger in radius than Li ions. Of those, most have been identified to be potentially useful as cathodes. On the anode side, hard carbonaceous materials and insertion of Sn, Sb, Pb, and their alloys based anodes have been demonstrated to be highly promising. Another emerging class of materials that remains relatively unexplored in this case is conversion and/or insertion electrodes using transition metal oxides with reasonably low insertion potential. We report the successful utilization combining the nano-structured transition metal oxides and three-dimensional metallic current collector for NIBs anodes, and the results are demonstrated to be promising: the electrodes exhibited a highly stable reversible charge storage capacity over long term cycling, and were able to withstand high rate cycling with fully recovering the initial capacity. This proof-of-principle demonstration opens a way forward for future work on nano-architectures with better NIBs anode performance.

100% | Mobil-Ansicht | English Version | Kontakt/Impressum/Datenschutz
DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2014 > Dresden