Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 7: Organic electronics and photovoltaics I (organized by CPP)

HL 7.2: Vortrag

Montag, 31. März 2014, 10:00–10:15, ZEU 222

Influence of morphology on organic solar cell performance comparing crystalline diindenoperylene (DIP) and its amorphous derivative tetraphenyldibenzoperiflanthene (DBP) — •Stefan Grob, Mark Gruber, Ulrich Hörmann, Theresa Linderl, and Wolfgang Brütting — University of Augsburg, Germany

The DIP molecule, consisting of seven benzene and two cyclopentadiene rings, forms the backbone of the DBP molecule, which has two further benzene rings and four additional, rotatable phenyl groups. Compared to the planar arrangement of DIP, these phenyl groups give DBP a more three-dimensional shape, changing the growth behavior in thin films completely. While we observe crystalline domains of almost upright standing DIP, layers of DBP exhibit an amorphous character and therefore a relatively small exciton diffusion length, being about ten times shorter than that of its crystalline counterpart. However, the drawback of the upright standing arrangement of DIP molecules is the unfavorable orientation of the transition dipole moment resulting in a low absorption coefficient and thus a smaller short-circuit current density. The difference in morphology also leads to different coupling between donor and acceptor molecules at the interface. As a consequence there is an appreciable distinction in the recombination processes occurring within the solar cell. We investigate this phenomenon by temperature-dependent j-V-measurements, electroluminescence and photothermal deflection spectroscopy. Based on these results, we discuss the influence of different film structure and morphology on electrical transport and device performance.

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