Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 7: Organic electronics and photovoltaics I (organized by CPP)

HL 7.4: Vortrag

Montag, 31. März 2014, 10:30–10:45, ZEU 222

Extremely Thin Absorber Solar Cells based on Sb2S3 — •Eugen Zimmermann, Jonas Weickert, Thomas Pfadler, James Dorman, and Lukas Schmidt-Mende — Universität Konstanz

The introduction of nanostructured metal oxides as electron acceptor resulted in the concept of extremely thin absorber solar cells. Thus, low cost fabricated inorganic semiconductors like Sb2S3 can be utilized as sensitizer, which typically possess promising properties, such as a tunable band gap and high extinction coefficient. However, optimization of the fabrication process and a detailed characterization of intrinsic properties is unavoidable in order to find the best device architecture and suitable material combinations for highly efficient solar cells. For this purpose, chemical bath deposition conditions and parameters have been examined and resulted in a detailed recipe for fabrication of high quality Sb2S3 coatings. In combination with optimized layer thicknesses of P3HT, efficiencies of up to 3.2% could be achieved in flat heterojunction architecrue. In order to identify intrinsic limitations, comparative measurements with P3HT:PCBM cells have been, revealing monomolecular recombination processes of excitons, a potential dependency of charge separation, and long charge carrier pathways as main loss mechanisms of fabricated flat heterojunction cells. In addition, investigation of several hole transport materials (HTM) revealed a disadvantageous influence on charge generation due to the parasitic absorption of light by the HTM. Based on these results, the use of nanostructured metal oxides in combination with transparent HTMs is proposed to possibly overcome some of the found limitations.

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