Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 93: Frontiers of electronic structure theory - Non-equilibrium phenomena at the nano-scale VI (organized by O)

HL 93.7: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 3. April 2014, 12:15–12:30, TRE Ma

Relativistic Solar Cells — •Paolo Umari1, Edoardo Mosconi2, and Filippo De Angelis21Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Padova, via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova, Italy — 2Computational Laboratory for Hybrid/Organic Photovoltaics (CLHYO), CNR-ISTM, Via Elce di Sotto 8, I-06123, Perugia, Italy

Hybrid AMX3 perovskites (A=Cs, CH3NH3; M=Sn, Pb; X=halide) have revolutionized the scenario of emerging photovoltaic technologies. Indeed, a rapid evolution led, very recently, up to 15% efficient solar cells. CH3NH3PbI3 has so far dominated the field, while the similar CH3NH3SnI3 has not been explored for photovoltaic applications, despite the reduced band-gap. Replacement of Pb by the more environment-friendly Sn would facilitate the large uptake of perovskite-based photovoltaics. Despite the extremely fast progress, the materials electronic properties which are key to the photovoltaic performance are relatively little understood. Here we develop an effective GW method incorporating spin-orbit coupling which allows us to accurately model the electronic, optical and transport properties of CH3NH3SnI3 and CH3NH3PbI3, opening the way to new materials design. The different CH3NH3SnI3 and CH3NH3PbI3 properties are discussed in light of their exploitation for solar cells, and found to be entirely due to relativistic effects.

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