# Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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# A: Fachverband Atomphysik

## A 12: Ultra-cold plasmas and Rydberg systems I (with Q)

### A 12.3: Vortrag

### Dienstag, 24. März 2015, 11:30–11:45, C/kHS

**Universal Nonequilibrium Properties of Dissipative Rydberg Gases** — Matteo Marcuzzi^{1}, •Emanuele Levi^{1}, Sebastian Diehl^{2,3}, Juan. P. Garrahan^{1}, and Igor Lesanovsky^{1} — ^{1}School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom — ^{2}Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria — ^{3}Institut für Theoretische Physik, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany

We investigate the out-of-equilibrium behavior of a dissipative gas of Rydberg atoms that features a dynamical transition between two stationary states characterized by different excitation densities.

We determine the structure and properties of the phase diagram and identify the universality class of the transition, both for the statics and the dynamics. We show that the proper dynamical order parameter is in fact not the excitation density and find evidence that the dynamical transition is in the "model A" universality class.

This sheds light on some relevant and observable aspects of dynamical transitions in Rydberg gases. In particular it permits a quantitative understanding of a recent experiment [C. Carr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 113901 (2013)] which observed bistable behavior as well as power-law scaling of the relaxation time. The latter emerges not due to critical slowing down in the vicinity of a second order transition, but from the nonequilibrium dynamics near a so-called spinodal line.