Regensburg 2016 – scientific programme

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CPP: Fachverband Chemische Physik und Polymerphysik

CPP 11: Poster: Hybrid and Perovskite Photovoltaics

CPP 11.7: Poster

Monday, March 7, 2016, 18:15–21:00, Poster B2

Spectroscopic investigation of the nitrogen role in organic-inorganic perovskite films — •Małgorzata Sowińska1, Chittaranjan Das1, Konrad Wojciechowski2, Henry Snaith2, and Dieter Schmeisser11Brandenburgische Technische Universität Cottbus-Senftenberg, Angewandte Physik-Sensorik, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 17, 03046 Cottbus, Germany — 2Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX13PU, UK

Over the past few years, a wide range of device architectures employing organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite absorbers has been reported, with efficiencies exceeding 20%. Despite the tremendous progress, a number of key issues must be resolved before the wide-spread commercialization will be possible. Some of the primary challenges include lead toxicity, long-term stability, and fast degradation upon exposure to humid atmosphere. Recent computational and experimental studies suggest that hybrid metal-halide perovskites act as an ionic-electronic conductor. The study of vacancy-mediated migration of I, Pb2+ and CH3NH3 ions and their relative activation energies suggests that migration of halide vacancies, to and from the interfaces in the solar cell during its operation, is the main conduction mechanism. In this work, we are presenting high resolution synchrotron-based spectroscopic study, which indicates that the contribution of nitrogen into the conduction mechanism of methyl ammonium lead iodide-based (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite films should not be neglected. The N1s core level and resonant X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at the N1s-egde of the CH3NH3PbI3 films are discussed in detail.

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