Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm
MA 18.6: Vortrag
Dienstag, 21. März 2017, 10:45–11:00, HSZ 103
Normal metal traps for superconducting qubits — •Roman-Pascal Riwar1,2, Amin Hosseinkhani1,3, Luke D. Burkart2, Yvonne Y. Gao2, Robert J. Schoelkopf2, Leonid I. Glazman2, and Gianluigi Catelani1 — 1Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany — 2Yale University, USA — 3RWTH Aachen University, Germany
The coherence time of superconducting qubits is intrinsically limited by the presence of quasiparticles. While it is difficult to prevent the generation of quasiparticles, keeping them away from active elements of the qubit provides a viable way of improving the device performance. We develop theoretically and validate experimentally a model for the effect of a single small trap on the dynamics of the excess quasiparticles injected in a transmon-type qubit. By means of this model, we show that for small traps, increasing the size shortens the evacuation time of quasiparticles from the transmon. We further identify a characteristic trap size above which the evacuation time saturates to the diffusion time of the quasiparticles. In the diffusion limit, the geometry of the qubit and the trap become relevant. We compute the optimal trap number and placement for several realistic geometries. Finally, our estimates show that the dissipation introduced by the presence of normal metal traps is well below the losses observed in the transmon.