Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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MM: Fachverband Metall- und Materialphysik

MM 55: Topical session: Data driven materials design - structure maps

MM 55.3: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 23. März 2017, 10:45–11:00, BAR 205

Uncovering structure-property relationships of materials by subgroup discovery — •Mario Boley2, Bryan R. Goldsmith1, Jilles Vreeken2, Matthias Scheffler1, and Luca M Ghiringhelli11Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin, Germany — 2Max Planck Institute for Informatics, Campus Mitte, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany

Data analytics applied to materials-science data often focuses on the inference of a global prediction model for some physical or chemical property of interest for a given class of materials, such as activation barriers or binding energies. However, the underlying mechanism for some target property could differ for different materials within a large pool of materials-science data. Consequently, a global model fitted to the entire dataset may be difficult to interpret and may well hide or incorrectly describe the actuating physical mechanisms. In these situations, local models would be advantageous to global models. Subgroup discovery (SGD) is presented here as a data-mining approach to find interpretable local models of a target property in materials-science data. We first demonstrate that SGD can identify physically meaningful models that classify the crystal structures of 82 octet binary semiconductors as either rocksalt or zincblende. The SGD framework is subsequently applied to 24 400 configurations of neutral gas-phase gold clusters with 5 to 14 atoms to discern general patterns between geometrical and physicochemical properties. This work received funding from The Novel Materials Discovery (NOMAD) Laboratory, a European Center of Excellence.

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