Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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MM: Fachverband Metall- und Materialphysik

MM 68: Electronic Structure Theory: New Concepts and Developments in Density Functional Theory and Beyond - VII

MM 68.7: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 23. März 2017, 17:45–18:00, GER 38

Machine-Learning Based Interatomic Potential for Amorphous Carbon — •Volker Deringer and Gábor Csányi — University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Machine-learning based interatomic potentials are currently of growing interest in the solid-state theory communities, as they enable materials simulations with close-to DFT accuracy but at much lower computational cost. Here, we present such an interatomic Gaussian approximation potential (GAP) model for liquid and amorphous carbon. We first discuss the maximum accuracy that any finite-range potential can achieve in carbon structures; then, we show how a hierarchical set of two-, three-, and many-body structural descriptors can be used to fit a GAP that indeed reaches the target accuracy. The new potential yields accurate energetic and structural properties over a wide range of densities; it also correctly captures the structure of the liquid phases, at variance with state-of-the-art empirical potentials. Exemplary applications to surfaces of "diamond-like" tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) will be presented, including simulations of high-temperature surface reconstructions ("graphitization"). The method appears to be promising for realistic and accurate simulations of nanoscale amorphous carbon structures.

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