Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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O: Fachverband Oberflächenphysik

O 15: Solid-Liquid Interfaces: Structure, Spectroscopy II

O 15.5: Vortrag

Montag, 20. März 2017, 16:00–16:15, WIL B321

Self-Assembly of Imidazolium Based Ionic Liquids at Mica Interfaces is Induced by Confinement and the Presence of Water — •Hsiu-Wei Cheng, Jan-Niklas Dienemann, Philipp Stock, Claudia Merola, Ying-Ju Chen, and Markus Valtiner — Max-Planck Instut für Eisenforschung

Tuning chemical structure and molecular layering of ionic liquids (IL) at solid interfaces offers leverage to tailor performance of ILs in applications such as super-capacitors, catalysis or lubrication. Recent experimental interpretations suggest that ILs containing cations with long hydrophobic tails form well-ordered bilayers at interfaces. Here we demonstrate that interfacial bilayer formation is not an intrinsic quality of hydrophobic ILs. In contrast, bilayer formation is triggered by boundary conditions including confinement, surface charging and humidity present in the IL. Therefore, we performed force versus distance profiles using atomic force microscopy and the surface forces apparatus. Our results support models of disperse low-density bilayer formation in confined situations, at high surface charging and/or in the presence of water. Conversely, interfacial structuring of long-chain ILs in dry environments and at low surface charging is disordered and dominated by bulk structuring. Our results demonstrate that boundary conditions such as charging, confinement and doping by impurities have decisive influence on structure formation of ILs at interfaces. As such, these results have important implications for understanding the behavior of solid/IL interfaces as they significantly extend previous interpretations.

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