Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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O: Fachverband Oberflächenphysik

O 67: SYLI: Symposium Interfacial Challenges in Solid-State Li Ion Batteries - defects, structure and thermodynamics

O 67.2: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 22. März 2017, 10:30–10:45, IFW A

Oxygen Defects in LTO – Structural Models and Adapted DFT Treatments — •Markus Schuderer, Karsten Reuter, and Christoph Scheurer — Technische Universität München, Germany

Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) receives increasing interest as a zero-strain anode material for lithium ion batteries. One route pursued to improve its limited electronic conductivity is via the deliberate introduction of oxygen defects during synthesis. Little is presently known though, whether these defects enrich at the electrode-electrolyte interface and concomitantly contribute to structural or charge transfer limitations. Aiming to contribute to this context from the perspective of first-principles electronic structure calculations, we assess differing setups in terms of reliability and computational efficiency. This comprises a comparison of periodic supercell and solid-state embedded cluster approaches, as well as treatments on the semi-local or screened hybrid level of density-functional theory. While semi-local functionals delocalize the excess charge density associated with the defect and lead to metallic systems, the hybrid functional recovers the experimentally observed band gap and localizes the charge density on titanium ions directly coordinating the defect. We show that this localization can already be appropriately captured with small embedded clusters, rendering this approach numerically far more efficient in particular for studies of surface or interface defects.

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