Dresden 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm
SYBM: Symposium Bioinspired Functional Materials: From Nature’s Nanoarchitectures to Nanofabricated Designs
SYBM 1.2: Hauptvortrag
Dienstag, 21. März 2017, 10:00–10:30, HSZ 02
Bio-inspired materials and structures for technology and architecture — •Thomas Speck — Plant Biomechanics Group & Botanic Garden, University of Freiburg
Biological structures and materials are typically multi-layered, hierarchically structured, finely tuned and highly differentiated based on the combination of a few basic molecular components. This leads to materials and structures that are characterized by multiple networked functions and (often) possess excellent mechanical properties, a pronounced adaptability to changing environmental conditions and many-fold self-x-properties.
During the last decades biomimetics, i.e. using living organisms as inspiration for technical developments products, has attracted increasing attention as well from basic and applied research as from various fields of industry. Biomimetics has a high innovation potential and offers the possibility for the development of sustainable technical products and production chains. On the one hand, novel sophisticated methods for quantitatively analyzing and simulating the form-structure-function-relationship on various hierarchical levels allow new fascination insights in multi-scale mechanics and other functions of biological structures, materials and surfaces. On the other hand, recent developments in computational design and simulation together with new production methods enable for the first time the transfer of many outstanding properties of the biological role models into innovative biomimetic products for reasonable costs which makes them interesting for applications in many fields of technology and building construction.