Mainz 2017 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 10: Quantum Effects: QED II

Q 10.1: Vortrag

Montag, 6. März 2017, 17:00–17:15, P 4

Ab-Initio Description of Photoinduced Processes Beyond Classical Maxwell Theory — •Norah Hoffmann, Christian Schaefer, Heiko Appel, and Angel Rubio — Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg, Germany

In common methods for the ab-initio description of photoinduced processes such as the visual process, photosynthesis or solar cells, typically the classical Maxwell's equations are employed to describe the propagation of light. The applicability of these equations has been demonstrated since decades for a wide range of physical phenomena and parameter regimes. However, considering the ultimate limit of single molecules interacting with a few photons, the classical description of the electromagnetic field does not suffice anymore. In this case the quantum nature of the electromagnetic field has to be taken into account and therefore existing ab-initio approaches have to be extended. In the present work we face the question: Whether and what changes in the analysis and simulation of photoinduced processes by going beyond the classical Maxwell description. Here the idea of exact factorization, introduced for electron-nuclear problems, will be generalized to electron-photon systems, by considering the recently established multi scale implementation of the Maxwell-equations in the octopus code as Ehrenfest limit for quantum electrodynamics. We apply our novel approach to spontaneous and stimulated emission for atoms and molecules in optical cavities and investigate laser pulses with orbital-angular momentum to address recent experiments with chiral light.

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