Berlin 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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O: Fachverband Oberflächenphysik

O 31: Focus Session: Frontiers of Electronic-Structure Theory: Correlated Electron Materials III (joint session O/MM/DS/TT/CPP)

O 31.3: Vortrag

Dienstag, 13. März 2018, 11:30–12:00, HL 001

Recent advances in first-principles modelling of correlated magnetic materials — •Yaroslav Kvashnin — Department of physics and astronomy, Uppsala University, BOX 516, 75120 Uppsala

Most of modern first-principles electronic structure studies of correlated materials are based on a combination of density functional theory and dynamical mean field theory (DFT+DMFT).

Addressing magnetic materials within DFT+DMFT has certain peculiarities. There are two recipes one can follow: either to account for magnetism within the DFT functional or to introduce it entirely within the self-energy. Both approaches have their flaws and advantages, which are well-known for DFT+U, but are not often discussed for DFT+DMFT. In my talk I will present a systematic comparison of the two methods and demonstrate the evidences favouring the use of non-polarised functionals.

Next, I will demonstrate how the obtained electronic structure information can be used to simulate finite-temperature magnetic properties in real materials. I employ a so-called two-step approach. First, I map the system on a Heisenberg model and extract the effective exchange parameters Jij's from DFT+DMFT. Then the atomistic spin dynamics simulations are used to simulate magnon spectra and predict the magnetic ordering temperatures.

I will demonstrate the power of such an approach by showing a direct comparison with available experimental data for a wide range of different materials.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2018 > Berlin