Berlin 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm
PRV II: Preisträgervortrag
Dienstag, 13. März 2018, 13:15–13:45, H 0105
Single-Atom Catalysis: An Atomic-Scale View — •Gareth Parkinson — Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria --- Laureate of the Gaede Prize
Single-atom catalysis is a rapidly emerging area of research that aims to maximize the efficient usage of precious metals through "single atom" active sites. Although catalytic activity has been demonstrated for several single-atom catalyst systems, an inability to accurately characterize the catalyst based on single atom active sites ensures that that the field remains controversial, and little is really known about how a single atom adsorbed on a metal oxide support catalyzes a chemical reaction. In this lecture, I will describe how we are addressing the crucial issues of stability and reaction mechanism using a surface science approach. The work is based on the magnetite (001) surface, which exhibits an unusual reconstruction based on subsurface cation vacancies. The surface stabilizes ordered arrays of metal adatoms (of almost any variety) with a nearest neighbor distance of 0.84 nm to unprecedented temperatures as high as 700 K. Crucially, because the geometry of the adatoms is uniform and precisely known, reactivity experiments are performed on a well-defined model system, and theoretical calculations can be performed to shed light on the mechanisms at work. Several examples of our recent work will be used to illustrate the trends discovered to date, including how strong CO adsorption destabilizes Pd and Pt adatoms leading to rapid sintering, and how extraction of lattice oxygen from the metal-oxide is central to catalytic activity in the CO oxidation reaction.