Erlangen 2018 – wissenschaftliches Programm
P 23.3: Vortrag
Donnerstag, 8. März 2018, 11:15–11:30, A 0.112
Tungsten Smart Alloys for the First Wall Armour of Fusion Power Plants — •Felix Klein1, Andrey Litnovsky1, Tobias Wegener1, Marcin Rasinski1, Xiaoyue Tan1,2, Janina Schmitz1,3, Jesus Gonzalez-Julian1, Jan Willem Coenen1, Martin Bram1, and Christian Linsmeier1 — 1Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung, 52425 Jülich, Germany — 2School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, 23009, China — 3Department of Applied Physics, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
In order to operate future fusion power plants reliably and safely, tungsten (W) is considered as a prime candidate as first wall armour material. However, in accidental conditions with a loss of coolant and air ingress, the nuclear decay heat will cause the radioactive W to oxidise and volatilise, imposing a severe hazard for the environment. Smart alloys aim at preserving the properties of W during plasma operation and suppressing the release of radioactive material in case of an accident. This goal is approached by alloying with chromium (Cr) and yttrium (Y). Bulk samples for full testing were consolidated by field assissted sintering technology. A relative density of 99 % is achieved. The accident is resembled by oxidation at 1273 K in air: the Cr diffuses to the surface forming a protective Cr2O3 layer and stopping WO3 formation - after 44 h the layer has a thickness of 1.3 µm. This process is supported by the Y. After oxidation times of more than two days W-containing oxides form and a sublimation rate of 10−6 mg cm−2s−1 is measured. After three weeks the oxide layer has a thickness of 0.1 mm.