Freiburg 2019 – wissenschaftliches Programm
FM 33.4: Talk
Dienstag, 24. September 2019, 15:00–15:15, 1015
Quantum network routing and local complementation — Frederik Hahn, •Anna Pappa, and Eisert Jens — Dahlem Center for Complex Quantum Systems, Freie University Berlin
Quantum communication between distant parties is based on suitable instances of shared entanglement. For efficiency reasons, in an anticipated quantum network beyond point-to-point communication, it is preferable that many parties can communicate simultaneously over the underlying infrastructure; however, bottlenecks in the network may cause delays. Sharing of multi-partite entangled states between parties offers a solution, allowing for parallel quantum communication. Specifically for the two-pair problem, the butterfly network provides the first instance of such an advantage in a bottleneck scenario. The underlying method differs from standard repeater network approaches in that it uses a graph state instead of maximally entangled pairs to achieve long-distance simultaneous communication. We will demonstrate how graph theoretic tools, and specifically local complementation, help decrease the number of required measurements compared to usual methods applied in repeater schemes. We will examine other examples of network architectures, where deploying local complementation techniques provides an advantage. We will finally consider the problem of extracting graph states for quantum communication via local Clifford operations and Pauli measurements, and discuss that while the general problem is known to be NP-complete, interestingly, for specific classes of structured resources, polynomial time algorithms can be identified.