Regensburg 2019 – wissenschaftliches Programm
BP 12.51: Poster
Dienstag, 2. April 2019, 14:00–16:00, Poster B2
Tailored dynamic range using an ensemble of networks — •Johannes Zierenberg1, Jens Wilting1, Viola Priesemann1, and Anna Levina2 — 1Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization — 2Tübingen University
The dynamic range quantifies the range of inputs that a neural network can discriminate. It is maximized at a non-equilibrium phase transition. However, besides the actual size of the dynamic range, it is crucial that the interval of discriminable inputs covers the relevant inputs. We show analytically for a generic spiking model that – while the dynamic range indeed is maximal at criticality – the discriminable intervals are virtually indistinguishable from each other in the vicinity of the phase transition. We identify the constrained discriminable interval to be a result of coalescence (the simultaneous activation of the same unit from multiple sources). In our model, we can compensate coalescence by implementing adaptive synaptic weights and thereby obtain specific discriminable intervals that can be tuned by changing the distance to criticality. This enables us to optimally address particular tasks by constructing tailored ensembles of coalescence-compensated networks, e.g., discriminating very broad or bimodal input distributions, with implications for machine learning approaches such as reservoir computing networks.