Regensburg 2019 – wissenschaftliches Programm
DY 43.9: Vortrag
Donnerstag, 4. April 2019, 12:15–12:30, H3
Controlled dispersion in periodic microchannels and regular obstacle parks — •Matthieu Mangeat1,2, Thomas Guérin1, and David S. Dean1 — 1Univ. Bordeaux and CNRS, LOMA, Talence, France — 2Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany
The dispersion of Brownian particles in heterogeneous media is a widely studied problem which appears in many contexts (chemical reactions, biological systems, zeolites, porous media, pollutant spreading, ...). A cloud of particles disperses over time without reaching the Boltzmann equilibrium distribution and its spreading is then characterized by an effective long-time diffusivity De lower than the microscopic diffusivity. The analytical expression of De is given by an exact Kubo-type formula [Phys. Rev E 92, 062103 (2015)] for periodic systems. The dispersion in periodic microchannels is controlled by the confinement geometry via an entropic trapping. Three different dispersion regimes are then identified for continuous and discontinuous channels [EPL 118, 40004 (2017)]. The expression of De is thus well-described by the Fick-Jacobs’ approximation, narrow escape problems or the diffusion problem in comb-like geometries in each regime. This analysis can be extended to the dispersion in regular obstacle parks. The presence of short-range attractive potential on the surface of obstacles enhance the dispersion of Brownian particles. The optimal value of De is then analytically characterized in the dilute limit of obstacles.