Hannover 2020 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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A: Fachverband Atomphysik

A 26: Interaction with VUV and X-ray light II

A 26.1: Hauptvortrag

Donnerstag, 12. März 2020, 14:00–14:30, f107

Towards fast adaptive resonant x-ray opticsMiriam Gerharz and •Jörg Evers — Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany

Visible light can easily be manipulated using reflective or refractive elements, such as lenses, phase plates, or mirrors. At x-ray energies, the real part of the complex refractive index approaches 1, such that these concepts require revision. As a result, an impressive toolbox of alternative methods has been developed, e.g., based on crystal optics.

In this talk, I will introduce a new concept for fast adaptive x-ray optics, which in particular aims at dynamical control during single experimental cycles. Our approach uses piezo-control methods, which allow one to mechanically displace a solid-state target containing resonances much faster than the lifetime of the resonances. Such displacements create relative phase shifts, which already have been employed successfully to manipulate the time- or energy spectra of x-ray pulses.

For applications in x-ray optics, we associate the phase shifts to an effective real part of the refractive index. The key idea then is that such mechanically-induced phase shifts are independent of the thickness of the target. As a result, the real part of the x-ray refractive index can effectively be increased substantially, without increasing its imaginary part. This approach provides access to high refractive index contrasts at x-ray energies together with low absorption, and thereby opens an avenue to entirely new concepts in x-ray optics.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2020 > Hannover