Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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KFM: Fachverband Kristalline Festkörper und deren Mikrostruktur

KFM 15: Materials for Energy Storage (joint session KFM/CPP)

KFM 15.5: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 7. September 2022, 11:05–11:25, H7

Mild-temperature solution-assisted encapsulation of phosphorus into ZIF-8 derived porous carbon as lithium-ion battery anode — •Chengzhan Yan1, Shun Wang2, and Yong Lei11Fachgebiet Angewandte Nanophysik, Institut für Physik & IMN MacroNano, Technische Universität Ilmenau, 98693 Ilmenau, Germany. — 2Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials of Zhejiang Province, Institute of Materials and Industrial Technologies, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 325027, China.

The high theoretical capacity of red phosphorus (RP) makes it a promising anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the large volume change of RP during charging/discharging imposes an adverse effect on the cyclability, and the rate performance suffers from its low conductivity. Herein, a facile solution-based strategy is proposed to incorporate phosphorus into the pores of MOF-derived carbon hosts under a mild temperature. With this method, the blocky RP is etched into the form of polyphosphides anions (PP, mainly P5-), making it easily diffuse into the pores of porous carbon hosts. Especially, the indelible crystalline surface phosphorus could be effectively avoided, which is generated in the conventional vapor condensation encapsulation method. Moreover, highly-conductive ZIF-8 derived carbon hosts with any pore smaller than 3 nm are efficient for loading PP and these pores can well alleviate the volume change. Finally, the composite of phosphorus encapsulated into ZIF-8 derived porous carbon exhibits a significantly improved electrochemical performance as LIBs anode.

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