Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm
KFM 20.10: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 7. September 2022, 17:45–18:00, H34
Tuning Perovskite Crystallization in the Hybrid Route — •Mohamed Mahmoud, Patricia Schulze, Andreas Bett, and Oussama Er-raji — Fraunhofer ISE
In 2009, perovskite solar cells were discovered in the solid-state that can be used not only as a single junction absorber but also in tandem configuration thanks to their bandgap tunability. It is a combination of organic and inorganic lead halide materials and they have the advantage of a strong absorption edge, defect tolerance and potential cheap production due to easy production methods such as spin coating or slot-die coating as a highly scalable production method. In the industry, double-sided textured silicon (DSTS) is commonly produced to overcome the reflection losses at surfaces. Spin coating of perovskite on top of DSTS resulted in low conformality which resulted in shunts and non-working solar cells. To overcome this issue, the hybrid route was developed, in which inorganic materials are co-evaporated using the thermal vapour deposition technique and then organic materials are spin-coated. By doing that, the high conformality of the thin film on top of the c-Si is achieved. However, the resulting perovskite grain size is in the nanometer scale. To increase the grain size - which results in higher short circuit current, lower grain boundaries and thus a more stable device - thermodynamics of the crystallization process need to be studied. In this work, using the thermodynamics fundamentals of crystallization, we tune the grain size of perovskite deposited via the hybrid route. In addition, we study the consequences of different grain sizes on the efficiency of the solar cell and especially on the stability.