Regensburg 2022 – wissenschaftliches Programm
KFM 20.5: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 7. September 2022, 16:00–16:15, H34
Revealing efficiency losses due to mobile ions in perovskite solar cells — •Sahil Shah, Jarla Thiesbrummel, Jonas Diekmann, and Martin Stolterfoht — University of Potsdam, Germany
Perovskite semiconductors are distinct from most other semiconductors due to a large number of mobile ions in the active layer (e.g., iodide and methylammonium ions and vacancies, and others). Thus, ion dynamics have a critical impact on the performance and stability of perovskite-based applications.
In this work, we will show how the ionic density and induced losses change with device degradation under elevated temperatures and continuous light illumination. This is investigated via a simple and newly developed method *fast-hysteresis* which is a JV scan at a faster rate (~1000 Vs-1) which prevents the perturbation of mobile ions and we get the true ion free potential of the device. The fast-hysteresis measurements are corroborated by transient charge extraction and capacitance measurements as well as numerical simulations, which provide important insights into the dynamics of free electronic charges and mobile ions. We will then demonstrate how the mobile ions affect a range of commonly used mixed cation metal halide perovskite compositions and how the ionic losses vary with the charge transport layer.
Overall, the proposed methods quantify the ion-induced field screening, shed light on the complex device degradation process and PCE losses allow for a better understanding of several key phenomena in perovskite solar cells, and open up a large range of future experiments.