SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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BP: Fachverband Biologische Physik

BP 12: Biopolymers and Biomaterials (joint session BP/CPP)

BP 12.12: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 29. März 2023, 12:45–13:00, TOE 317

Partition complex structure can arise from sliding and bridging of ParB dimers — •Lara Connolley1, Lucas Schnabel2, Martin Thanbichler2, and Sean Murray11Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany — 2University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany

Chromosome segregation is vital for cell replication and in many bacteria is controlled by the ParABS system. A key part of this machinery is the association of ParB proteins to the parS-containing centromeric region to form the partition complex. Despite much work, the formation and structure of this nucleoprotein complex has remained unclear. It was recently discovered that CTP binding allows ParB dimers to entrap and slide along the DNA, as well as leading to more efficient condensation through ParB-mediated DNA bridging. Here, we use semi-flexible polymer simulations to show how these properties of sliding and bridging can explain partition complex formation. We find that transient ParB bridges can organise the DNA into either a globular state or into hairpins and helical structures, depending on the bridge lifetime. Upon coupling with stochastic sliding simulations to form a unified sliding and bridging model, we find that short-lived ParB bridges do not hinder ParB sliding and the model can reproduce both the ParB binding profile and the condensation of the nucleoprotein complex. Overall, our model clarifies the mechanism of partition complex formation and predicts its fine structure.

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