SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 10: Active Matter II (joint session DY/BP/CPP)

DY 10.1: Vortrag

Montag, 27. März 2023, 15:00–15:15, ZEU 160

Chiral motion of actively driven objects in discrete steps towards a remote target — •Andreas M. Menzel — Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany

We address the motion of chiral actively driven objects that move in discrete steps on a flat substrate [1]. While closed polygon-shaped trajectories are found in the case of unperturbed motion, the dynamics becomes surprisingly rich and nonlinear, if the objects additionally head for a fixed remote target. In that situation, cycloidal-like, straight, zigzag-type, doubled zigzag, quadrupled zigzag, and further period-doubled types of trajectory emerge, besides chaotic behavior. Additionally, we investigate the motion of crowds of such objects under explicit mutual alignment interaction. In the absence of fluctuations, collective orientational ordering occurs also in the chaotic regime, in combination with spatial gathering of the particles. Conversely, fluctuations and polydispersity in target alignment counteract orientational ordering. Our results may apply to various types of actively driven objects, for instance, light-responsive bacteria, laser-controlled colloidal particles, or hoppers on vibrated substrates.
[1] A. M. Menzel, resubmitted.

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