SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 4: Pattern Formation, Delay and Nonlinear Stochastic Systems

DY 4.9: Vortrag

Montag, 27. März 2023, 11:45–12:00, ZEU 250

Active particles with delayed attractions form quaking crystallites — •Pin-Chuan Chen1, Klaus Kroy1, Xiangzun Wang2, Frank Cichos2, and Viktor Holubec31Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leipzig University, Postfach 100 920, 04009 Leipzig, Germany — 2Peter Debye Institute for Soft Matter Physics, Leipzig University, 04103 Leipzig, Germany — 3Department of Macromolecular Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, 18000 Prague, Czech Republic

Perception-reaction delays have experimentally been found to cause a spontaneous circling of microswimmers around a targeted center. Here we investigate the many-body ver- sion of this experiment with Brownian-dynamics simulations of active particles in a plane. For short delays, the soft spherical discs form a hexagonal colloidal crystallite around a fixed target particle. Upon increasing the delay time, we observe a bifurcation to a chiral dynamical state that we can map onto that found for a single active particle. The different angular velocities at different distances from the target induce shear stresses that grow with increasing delay. As a result, tangential and, later, also radial shear bands intermittently break the rotating crystallite. Eventually, for long delays, the discs detach from the target particle to circle around it near the preferred single-particle orbit, while spinning and trembling from tidal quakes.

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