SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 40: Stochastic Thermodynamics

DY 40.5: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 30. März 2023, 11:00–11:15, ZEU 250

Anomalous relaxation from a non-equilibrium steady state: An isothermal analog of the Mpemba effect — •Julius Degünther and Udo Seifert — II. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Stuttgart, 70550 Stuttgart, Germany

The Mpemba effect denotes an anomalous relaxation phenomenon where a system initially at a hot temperature cools faster than a system that starts at a less elevated temperature. We introduce an isothermal analog of this effect for a system prepared in a non-equilibrium steady state that then relaxes towards equilibrium. Here, the driving strength, which determines the initial non-equilibrium steady state, takes the role of the temperature in the original version. As a paradigm, we consider a particle initially driven by a non-conservative force along a one-dimensional periodic potential. We show that for an asymmetric potential relaxation from a strongly driven initial state is faster than from a more weakly driven one at least for one of the two possible directions of driving. These results are first obtained through perturbation theory in the strength of the potential and then extended to potentials of arbitrary strength through topological arguments.

[1] Julius Degünther and Udo Seifert, EPL, 139 4 (2022) 41002

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