SKM 2023 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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DY: Fachverband Dynamik und Statistische Physik

DY 49: Critical Phenomena and Phase Transitions

DY 49.7: Vortrag

Donnerstag, 30. März 2023, 16:45–17:00, ZEU 160

Crossover in the phase-coexistence between models with discrete and continuous variables — •Florian Kischel, Nils Caci, and Stefan Wessel — RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

The relative weight of the distinct phases that coexist at a first-order phase transition in systems with discrete degrees of freedom is well understood. For example, in the q-state Potts model, it is characterized by a ratio R=1:q of the disordered vs. ordered regions. In models with continuous variables on the other hand, this ratio is generally unknown. Several recent instances however suggest that it equals R=1:IO, where IO denotes the integral measure of the space of extremal states of the ordered phase. In order to explore the emergence of this integral measure, we examine a system that realizes a crossover from discrete to continuous variables and study the behavior of R at its phase-coexistence points. In particular, we consider a generalized n-state clock-model on a three-dimensional simple cubic lattice with both bilinear and biquadratic exchange interactions. In the large-n (XY) limit, this model is known to harbor a first-order thermal phase transition, as does the 3-state Potts model, to which the model reduces in the limit of n=3. Here, we explore the phase-coexistence over the range of intermediate values of n using large-scale Monte Carlo simulations.

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