# Berlin 2012 – wissenschaftliches Programm

## Bereiche | Tage | Auswahl | Suche | Aktualisierungen | Downloads | Hilfe

# KR: Fachgruppe Kristallographie

## KR 5: Poster I – including Multiferroics (MA with DF, DS, KR, TT)

### KR 5.30: Poster

### Dienstag, 27. März 2012, 12:15–15:15, Poster A

**Colossal Magnetoelastic Effects at the Phase Transition of (La, Pr, Ca)MnO**_{3} — •Markus Michelmann, Christoph Meyer, Vasily Moshnyaga, and Konrad Samwer — I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37707 Göttingen

A strong coupling of charge, spin and lattice degrees of freedom in perovskite manganites, i.e. (La, Pr, Ca)MnO_{3}, results from the competition between the ferromagnetic double exchange and charge/orbital ordering, promoted by the electron-phonon interaction. Therefore, the paramagnetic-ferromagnetic (PM-FM) phase transition is clearly reflected in the behavior of the elastic constants. Here, we report ultrasound velocity and attenuation in polycrystalline (La_{1−y}Pr_{y})_{0.7}Ca_{0.3}MnO_{3} bulk samples (*y* = 0, 0.4, 0.5, 1) as a function of temperature, *T* = 10 − 300 K, and magnetic field, *B* = 0 − 7 T, with special focus on the hysteresis effects and metamagnetism at the 1st order PM-FM transition. Close to the Curie point modest magnetic fields, *B* = 1 − 5 T, induce a large increase of shear stiffness and a strong softening of bulk modulus by about 10%. A minimum in bulk modulus and a peak in longitudinal sound attenuation were observed at the phase transition and attributed to a coupling between the lattice and spin fluctuations. The magnitude of this softening is maximized at a certain temperature and magnetic field, indicating a critical end point of the magnetic transition. Support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft via SFB 602, TP A2 is acknowledged.