# Stuttgart 2012 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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# Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

## Q 21: Quantengase: Optische Gitter 1

### Q 21.6: Vortrag

### Dienstag, 13. März 2012, 11:45–12:00, V53.01

**Observation of inter-band dynamics in a tunable hexagonal lattice** — •Malte Weinberg, Juliette Simonet, Christina Staarmann, Julian Struck, Christoph Ölschläger, Patrick Windpassinger, and Klaus Sengstock — Institut für Laserphysik, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg

Hexagonal lattices have recently attracted a lot of attention in the condensed matter community and beyond. Upon other intriguing features, their unique band structure exhibits Dirac cones at the corners of the Brillouin zone of the two lowest energy bands.

Here, we report on the experimental observation of quasi momentum-resolved inter-band dynamics of ultracold bosons between the two lowest Bloch bands (s- and p-band) of a hexagonal optical lattice with tunable band structure.

Due to the spin-dependency of the lattice potential [1], a rotation of the magnetic quantization axis and the choice of the atomic spin state allow for an in-situ manipulation of the lattice structure from hexagonal to triangular geometry. It is thus possible to modify the band structure and open a gap at the Dirac cones. The loading of atoms into the excited band is achieved by a microwave transition between different spin states which in certain cases is only allowed as a result of interaction effects. We observe the time-dependent population of quasi momenta, revealing a striking influence of the existence of Dirac cones on the dynamics of atoms in the first two energy bands.

[1] P. Soltan-Panahi et al., Nature Physics 7, 434-440 (2011)