# Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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# HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

## HL 16: Electron spin qubits in semiconductor quantum dots (Focus session with TT)

### HL 16.2: Vortrag

### Montag, 31. März 2014, 15:30–15:45, POT 051

**Entanglement Purification with the Exchange Interaction** — •Adrian Auer and Guido Burkard — Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, Germany

Entanglement purification techniques provide means to create qubit pairs of arbitrary high fidelity with respect to a maximally entangled state, starting from a larger number of low fidelity pairs. So-called recurrence protocols act iteratively on two or more qubit pairs to produce one pair with higher fidelity, using local unitary operations, measurements, and communication of the measurement results. In this talk, we present a purification protocol that solely uses a single pulsed Heisenberg-type exchange interaction between two qubit pairs, therefore being especially suitable for spin qubits in tunnel-coupled quantum dots. In contrast to previously known protocols, we allow for asymmetric bilateral operations where the two communication parties operate differently on their qubits. In the most efficient version of our protocol, the local two-qubit interactions correspond to the √swap gate and its inverse, which are the natural entangling gates generated from a Heisenberg-type interaction. Furthermore, we show how the same fidelity gain can be reached using *XY*-type interactions.