Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 21: Organic electronics and photovoltaics II (organized by CPP)

HL 21.9: Vortrag

Montag, 31. März 2014, 17:30–17:45, ZEU 222

Origins of Reduced Nongeminate Recombination in P3HT:PCBM Organic Solar Cells — •Michael C. Heiber1, Julien Gorenflot1, Vladimir Dyakonov1,2, and Carsten Deibel11Experimental Physics VI, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, 97074 Würzburg — 2ZAE Bayern, 97074 Würzburg

Understanding the nongeminate recombination processes that are the dominant loss mechanisms in organic solar cells is critical to improving device performance. In P3HT:PCBM blends, nongeminate recombination has been found to be significantly slower than expected from Langevin theory and also exhibits super-second order kinetics. Several theories for this behavior have been proposed, but a complete model has not yet been reached. To shed light on this problem, we have used a combination of transient absorption spectroscopy experiments and kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. By modeling the temperature dependence of the polaron transients measured in both neat P3HT films and annealed P3HT:PCBM blend films, we demonstrate the effects of phase separation, carrier trapping, and charge transfer states on the magnitude of the recombination rate. Furthermore, we show that while neat P3HT films exhibit second order recombination and mobility behavior indicating a Gaussian density of states (DOS), P3HT:PCBM blends are complicated by super-second order recombination that is indicative of an exponential DOS and mobility measurements that are consistent with a Gaussian DOS. To unify these observations, we show that a separate distribution of charge transfer states must be included.

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