Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 35: Organic semiconductors: Photovoltaics (with CPP/DS/O)

HL 35.4: Vortrag

Dienstag, 1. April 2014, 10:45–11:00, POT 081

Spin dynamics in organic solar cells measured by pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance — •Alexander J. Kupijai, Konstantin M. Behringer, Martin Stutzmann, and Martin S. Brandt — Walter Schottky Institut, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, 85748 Garching

Organic photovoltaics are of great interest in the development of sustainable energy sources. To investigate the recombination and transport processes in organic solar cells we use the technique of pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) where we measure the change of the photocurrent caused by resonant X-band microwave pulses in the presence of an external magnetic field. As test devices, we use bulk heterojunction P3HT/PCBM (poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) / [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester) solar cells. At temperatures of 10K we are able to observe both positively and negatively charged polarons in the pulsed EDMR spectrum and can identify them as partners in a spin-dependent pair process by experiments using two microwave frequencies. Using the time resolution and sensitivity of pulsed EDMR we are able to quantify the spin dynamics of the system and measure the lifetime of parallel spin pairs, the lifetime of antiparallel spin pairs, the spin decoherence time and the coupling strength between the spin partners. All of these microscopic parameters provide valuable information for an optimization of overall solar cell efficiencies.

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