Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 61: Organic electronics and photovoltaics III (organized by CPP)

HL 61.7: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 2. April 2014, 11:15–11:30, ZEU 260

Cyclic potential growth mechanism for electropolymerized polythiophenes as anode buffer layers in P3HT-PCBM solar cells — •Sidhant Bom, Marlis Ortel, and Veit Wagner — Research Center for Functional Materials and Nanomolecular Science, Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany

A new method for electro-polymerization of polythiophenes as anode buffer layer (ABL) is presented. The ABL is used in a bulk-heterojunction solar cell with P3HT-PCBM as active material. Electro-polymerized thiophenes (ePT) are grown electrochemically with a standard three electrodes system on conductive contacts. We find a distinct impact of the time variation of the growth potential on the obtained layer properties. A new time dependent cyclic potential electro-polymerization method is systematically compared to a standard constant potential method. AFM topography reveals that a uniform homogeneous film of ePT is obtained by the time dependent cyclic potential growth method. The devices were fabricated with a 10 nm ePT between the active layer and PEDOT:PSS with aluminum as cathode. With a cyclic potential method, about 20% enhancement in short circuit current was observed in contrast to 10% enhancement with constant potential method. Improvements by the ePT layer are attributed to better band alignment of the HOMO levels and a LUMO offset of 0.2eV which gives its electron blocking characteristics. In summary, the cyclic potential method results in a better quality of ePT layers with good homogeneity and area coverage leading to further improvements in device performance.

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