Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 64: Frontiers of electronic structure theory - Non-equilibrium phenomena at the nano-scale IV (organized by O)

HL 64.1: Topical Talk

Mittwoch, 2. April 2014, 10:30–11:00, TRE Ma

From Rydberg Crystals to Bound Magnons - Probing the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices — •Immanuel Bloch — Max-Planck Institut für Quantenoptik, Garching, Germany — Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany

Ultracold atoms in optical lattice form an ideal testbed to probe the non-equilibrium dynamics of quantum many-body systems. In particular recent high-resolution imaging and control techniques allow to probe dynamically evolving non-local correlations in an unprecedented way. As an example, I will focus in my talk on the dynamical excitation of spatially ordered Rydberg structures that are formed through laser exctiation from ground state Mott insulating atoms. In addition, I will show how single-spin and spin-pair impuritites can be used to directly reveal polaron dynamics in a strongy interacting superfluid or the bound state of two magnons in a Heisenberg ferromagnet - a problem discussed first theoretically more than 80 years ago by H.A. Bethe. New atom interferometric schemes to directly probe the Green's function of a many-body system through the impurity dynamics will be discussed.

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