Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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HL: Fachverband Halbleiterphysik

HL 77: Frontiers of electronic structure theory - Non-equilibrium phenomena at the nano-scale V (organized by O)

HL 77.1: Topical Talk

Mittwoch, 2. April 2014, 16:00–16:30, TRE Ma

Theory of nonlinear phononics for coherent light-control of solids — •Antoine Georges1,2,3, Alaska Subedi2, and Andrea Cavalleri41College de France, Paris, France — 2Ecole Polytechnique - CPHT, Palaiseau, France — 3University of Geneva, DPMC, Switzerland — 4Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Hamburg, Germany

The use of light to control the structural and electronic properties of solids is an area of great current interest. We present a microscopic theory [arXiv:1311.0544] for ultrafast control of solids with high-intensity Tera-Hertz frequency optical pulses. When resonant with selected infrared-active vibrations, these pulses transiently modify the crystal structure and lead to new collective electronic properties. The theory predicts the dynamical path taken by the crystal lattice using first-principles calculations of the energy surface and classical equations of motion, as well as symmetry considerations. Two classes of dynamics are identified. In the perturbative regime, displacements along the normal mode coordinate of symmetry-preserving Raman-active mode can be achieved by cubic anharmonicities. This validates the mechanism proposed by Först et al. [Nature Physics 7, 854 (2011)] and explains the light-induced insulator-to-metal transition of manganites reported experimentally by Rini et al. [Rini et al. Nature 449, 72 (2007)]. We also predict a new non-perturbative regime in which ultra-fast instabilities that break crystal symmetry can be induced.

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