Dresden 2014 – wissenschaftliches Programm
O 60.7: Vortrag
Mittwoch, 2. April 2014, 17:30–17:45, WIL C107
Optical characterization of atomically precise graphene nanoribbons — •Richard Denk1, Michael Hohage1, Jinming Cai2, Pascal Ruffieux2, Roman Fasel2, and Peter Zeppenfeld1 — 1Experimental Physics, JKU Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, 4040 Linz, Austria — 2nanotech@surfaces, EMPA, Überlandstasse 129, 6800 Dübendorf, Switzerland
Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) promise high potential for future nanoscale electronic devices. While 2-dimensional graphene is semimetallic, electron confinement and edge effects in narrow (<10nm) GNRs can result in the opening of a band gap. The electronic and optical properties, however, strongly depend on the structural details of the GNRs. Only recent advances in the bottom-up fabrication of atomically precise GNRs  have enabled reliable experimental investigations of well-defined GNRs.
We have studied the fabrication process and the optical properties of GNRs on Au(788) using reflectance difference spectroscopy (RDS), taking advantage of the optical anisotropy due to the uniaxial alignment of the GNRs parallel to the step edges of the vicinal Au(788) surface. We find that the optical properties of the GNRs are highly anisotropic and dominated by three excitonic transitions, in excellent agreement with theoretical calculations.
 J. Cai at el, Nature, 466 (2010) 470.