Berlin 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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TT: Fachverband Tiefe Temperaturen

TT 21: Superconductivity: Poster Session

TT 21.10: Poster

Montag, 16. März 2015, 15:00–18:00, Poster B

Superconductivity in the unconventional high pressure phase bismuth-III — •Konstantin Semeniuk, Philip Brown, Aleksandar Vasiljkovic, and Malte Grosche — University of Cambridge, Cambrige, The United Kingdom

One of the most surprising developments in high pressure research was the realisation that many elements assume very unexpected high pressure structures, described in terms of extremely large or even infinite unit cells. Elemental bismuth, which has been known to undergo a series of pressure induced structural transitions between 25 kbar and 80 kbar, is an interesting example: the intermediate pressure Bi-III phase has a complex 'host-guest' structure consisting of two incommensurate sublattices. Since the unit cell is infinitely large, the description of electronic and lattice excitations is problematic. Apart from its metallic character and the observation of superconductivity at low temperature, little is known about the electronic structure in this phase.

We investigate the electrical resistivity within the metallic Bi-III phase under high hydrostatic pressure and in applied magnetic field using a piston cylinder cell. Superconductivity is observed below 7.1 K, and we extract the temperature dependence of the upper critical field, which exceeds 2 T at low temperature. The normal state resistivity exhibits an approximately linear temperature dependence. This could be attributed to strong scattering from low-lying excitations, as caused by an unusually soft phonon spectrum. The results suggest that strong coupling superconductivity arises within the host-guest structure of Bi-III out of an unusual electronic state.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2015 > Berlin