Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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A: Fachverband Atomphysik

A 21: Ultra-cold plasmas and Rydberg systems II (with Q)

A 21.7: Vortrag

Mittwoch, 25. März 2015, 12:30–12:45, C/kHS

Photonic phase gates in multi-level Rydberg EIT media — •Callum Murray and Thomas Pohl — Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden, Germany

The interaction of Rydberg polaritons under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) represents a promising route towards realizing a photonic phase gate. The basic principle exploits the establishment of a locally refractive medium for a polariton in response to the conditional presence of another in its vicinity, allowing for the accumulation of a relative phase shift. However, previous studies have shown that high gate fidelities require such large atomic densities that ground state interactions would begin to manifest, bringing with it additional undesired decoherence effects. We report on recent progress in alleviating this issue by considering a modified EIT setting involving an auxiliary ground state. We show that this gives rise to a slowly propagating bright state polariton in response to Rydberg interactions that, in contrast to ladder excitation schemes, enables high fidelity phase gates at moderate densities.

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