Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm
A 36.2: Poster
Donnerstag, 26. März 2015, 17:00–19:00, C/Foyer
State-selective all-optical population detection of Rydberg atoms — •Florian Karlewski1, Markus Mack1, Jens Grimmel1, Nóra Sándor2,3, and József Fortágh1 — 1Physikalisches Institut der Universität Tübingen — 2Laboratoire de Physique Quantique, Strasbourg, France — 3Department for Quantumoptics and Quantuminformatics, Wigner Research Center for Physics, Budapest
We present an all-optical protocol for detecting population in a selected Rydberg state of alkali atoms. The detection scheme is based on the interaction of the atoms with two laser pulses: one weak probe pulse which is resonant with the transition between the ground state and first excited state, and a relatively strong pulse which couples the first excited state to the selected Rydberg state. We show that by monitoring the absorption signal of the probe laser over time, we can imply the initial population of the Rydberg state. We also present the results of a proof-of-principle measurement performed on a cold gas of 87Rb atoms, as well as applications in studies of the lifetimes of Rydberg states under various environment conditions.