Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm
A 4.4: Vortrag
Montag, 23. März 2015, 15:15–15:30, C/HSW
Goldstone mode in the quench dynamics of an ultracold BCS Fermi gas — •Peter Kettmann1, Simon Hannibal1, Mihail Croitoru2, Alexei Vagov3, Vollrath Martin Axt3, and Tilmann Kuhn1 — 1Institute of Solid State Theory, University of Münster — 2Condensed Matter Theory, University of Antwerp — 3Theoretical Physics III, University of Bayreuth
Ultracold Fermi gases are a convenient testbed for complex interacting Fermi systems like, e.g., superconductors. They are on the one hand easily accessible in experiment. On the other hand they can form not only a BEC but a BCS phase as well. A study of this BCS phase and the crossover to the BEC is expected to give insight into other fields like high temperature superconductivity.
We investigate the BCS phase of an ultracold Fermi gas. In particular we calculate the nonequilibrium dynamics of a confined 6Li gas after a quantum quench, i.e., a sudden change of the BCS coupling strength induced by the abrupt change of an external magnetic field. We find that the excitation leads to a vibration of the cloud with the spectrum containing one dominant low frequency and several higher frequencies. We show that the low frequency corresponds to the Goldstone mode of the order parameter while the higher frequencies result from the amplitude oscillation of the gap, i.e., the Higgs mode.
We study the Goldstone mode over a wide range of parameters. We find that the size-dependent superfluid resonances  have a strong impact on the frequency of the Goldstone mode and on its dependence on the size of the cloud.  Shanenko et al., PRA 86, 033612 (2012)