Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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A: Fachverband Atomphysik

A 43: Ultracold Plasmas and Rydberg Systems IV (with Q)

A 43.6: Vortrag

Freitag, 27. März 2015, 15:45–16:00, P/H2

Single-Photon Transistor Mediated by Interstate Rydberg Interactions — •Hannes Gorniaczyk1, Christoph Tresp1, Ivan Mirgorodskiy1, Johannes Schmidt1, Helmut Fedder2, and Sebastian Hofferberth115. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Stuttgart, Germany — 23. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

We present the realization of an all-optical transistor by mapping gate and source photons into strongly interacting Rydberg excitations with different principal quantum numbers in an ultracold atomic ensemble. A switch contrast of 40% is obtained for a coherent gate input with mean photon number one. We show that over 60 source photons can be attenuated with a single gate photon demonstrating a high-gain optical transistor. We use this optical transistor for the nondestructive detection of a single Rydberg atom with a fidelity of 79%. The read-out of gate photons marks a crucial step for the implementation of quantum information protocols. For this reason, we study the coherence of gate photon spin waves in the context of source-gate interaction.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2015 > Heidelberg