Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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Q: Fachverband Quantenoptik und Photonik

Q 15: Poster: Quantum Optics and Photonics I

Q 15.34: Poster

Montag, 23. März 2015, 17:00–19:00, C/Foyer

Failure of extended mean-field theories in one-dimensional Bose gasesTim Sauer and •Carsten Henkel — University of Potsdam, Germany

Due to large thermal fluctuations, low-dimensional Bose gases do not develop a proper condensate, and even the onset of quasi-condensation turns into a cross-over rather than a phase transition. This is actually a challenge to reproduce within a mean-field theory because the modeling of the system seems to require a larger number of relevant hydrodynamic fields. In other words, the statistics of the quantum field is far from Gaussian in the cross-over region. We outline a zoology of mean-field theories [1,2] and develop efficient analytical formulas using a high-temperature expansion. The problems of the theories are illustrated by studying the equation of state and density fluctuations.

[1] C. Mora and Y. Castin, Phys. Rev. A 67 (2003) 053615.

[2] R. Walser, Opt. Commun. 243 (2004) 107

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