Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm
Q 32.19: Poster
Dienstag, 24. März 2015, 17:00–19:00, C/Foyer
Experimental realization of the ionic Hubbard model on a honeycomb lattice with ultracold fermions — Michael Messer, •Rémi Desbuquois, Thomas Uehlinger, Gregor Jotzu, Frederik Görg, Daniel Greif, Sebastian Huber, and Tilman Esslinger — ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Ultracold atoms in optical lattices constitute a tool of choice to realize the Fermi-Hubbard model. There, the on-site interaction energy opens a gap in the charge excitation spectrum, leading to a Mott insulating ground state. However, in the ionic Hubbard model, the addition of a staggered energy offset on each lattice site also leads to an insulating ground state with charge-density-wave ordering, even in the absence of inter-particle interactions. In our experiment we realize the Ionic Hubbard model on a honeycomb lattice by loading a two-component interacting Fermi gas into an optical lattice with a staggered energy offset on alternating sites. The underlying density order of the ground state is revealed through the correlations in the noise of the measured momentum distribution. For a large energy offset, we observe a charge-density-wave ordering, which is suppressed as the on-site interactions are increased. To further elucidate the nature of the ground state, we measure the double occupancy of lattice sites and the charge excitation spectrum for a wide range of parameters.