Heidelberg 2015 – wissenschaftliches Programm
Q 32.8: Poster
Dienstag, 24. März 2015, 17:00–19:00, C/Foyer
Magnetic Quantum Phases of Ultracold Dipolar Gases in an Optical Superlattice — •Xiangguo Yin1, Lushuai Cao1,2, and Peter Schmelcher1,2 — 1Zentrum für Optische Quantentechnologien, Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany — 2The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging,Luruper Chaussee 149,D-22761 Hamburg, Germany
We propose an effective Ising spin chain constructed with dipolar quantum gases confined in a one-dimensional optical superlattice. Mapping the motional degrees of freedom of a single particle in the lattice onto a pseudo-spin results in effective transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields. This effective Ising spin chain exhibits a quantum phase transition from a paramagnetic to a single-kink phase as the dipolar interaction increases. Particularly in the single-kink phase, a magnetic kink arises in the effective spin chain and behaves as a quasi-particle in a pinning potential exerted by the longitudinal magnetic field. Being realizable with current experimental techniques, this effective Ising chain presents a unique platform for emulating the quantum phase transition as well as the magnetic kink effects in the Ising-spin chain and enriches the toolbox for quantum emulation of spin models by ultracold quantum gases.