Regensburg 2016 – wissenschaftliches Programm

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AGjDPG: Arbeitsgruppe junge DPG

AGjDPG 5: Symposium SYSM

AGjDPG 5.5: Hauptvortrag

Donnerstag, 10. März 2016, 11:45–12:15, H1

Modeling scientific collaboration across multiple scales: from individuals to Europe — •Alexander Petersen — IMT Lucca Institute for Advanced Studies, Lucca, Italy

Quantitative measures are becoming increasingly prevalent at all scales of scientific evaluation, largely due to the advent of large comprehensive publication databases that allow for detailed studies of ideas, people, and institutions, and the vast networks connecting them. As such, there is plenty of room to apply methods from complex systems to address policy-oriented issues relevant to the entire science system. In the first half, I will discuss micro-scale patterns of collaboration from a researcher's local 'ego' perspective, showing that scientific collaboration is characterized by a high turnover rate juxtaposed with frequent 'life partners'. I will show that these extremely strong collaborations have a significant positive impact on productivity and citations -- the apostle effect -- representing the measurable advantage of 'super' social ties. In the second half, I will discuss macro-scale collaboration patterns concerning the evolution the European Research Area (ERA), a cross-border labor, funding, and mobility scheme aimed at fostering innovation and growth within Europe. However, despite decades of integration policies, recent analyses have shown there to be little cross-border integration in the EU above global trends -- i.e. Europe remains a collection of national innovation systems. I will show that high-skilled mobility -- i.e. brain drain, largely from East to West following the 2004/2007 EU enlargement -- can explain why the cross-border integration of R&D within the ERA is lagging.

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DPG-Physik > DPG-Verhandlungen > 2016 > Regensburg